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Basic BlackJack Strategy

Basic BlackJack Strategy
Blackjack is much more than a gambling game that involves guessing, contrary to what some gamblers might believe. The majority of blackjack games are guessing games. But with any blackjack hand there is a correct strategy as well as an ineffective strategy. The basic strategy is the best strategy. The best strategy is the mathematically optimal strategy-that is, it will maximize your winnings while minimizing your losses on each hand over time. 
Other card games such as poker are not based on a basic strategy. There is, for example an unwritten strategy for poker. Poker players use their hands based on whether or not he thinks the opponent has a powerful hand or might be bluffing, and whether they themselves are holding an impressive hand or might decide to attempt to fake bluff. 
There isn't a standard method for playing any card game that is as long that your opponent has the ability to make decisions on what to do with his hands. For play retro games of years there was no a basic strategy for blackjack because it wasn't a gambling game where the dealer had to reveal a card and play his hand according to the house rules. It was more like playing poker, with both the dealer as well as the player's card hidden. The dealer could play however he liked and the players could attempt to bluff him. 
The American casinos made important changes to the rules of Twenty-One . They required players to show the dealer's cards, and to require that the dealer follow the hit/stand method. The game was fundamentally transformed from a game of poker that was based more on psychology, to a pure mathematical game, as it was the strategy of the player was concerned. 
The Basic Strategy that Works... The "Odds" and the reason why Basic Strategy Work 
We'll assume that today's dealers play fair games to meet our needs. No sleight-of-hand, no chicanery. While we won't ignore the First Rule of Professional Gamblers we will temporarily ignore it to be able to deal with the logic of each game , and to reveal the fundamental strategy that eliminates most of the house’s mathematical edge. The fact is that most of the games you find at casinos today are played with integrity and, if you run into an unbalanced game the level, you're not going to even try to beat it. 
To play the honest game computer scientists have analyzed every possible hand you can hold against any possible dealer upcard in order to determine the most effective basic strategy for playing the game. The fact that the base strategy was almost perfect shocked the mathematicians who were among the first to use computers to analyze computer data. This was due to four GIs with desk jobs in the 1950s and plenty of time. They didn't have computers however, they had spent three years using mechanical adders that ran through all possible outcomes that could be derived from the hands they dealt. This was the best Uncle Sam could ever have gotten from his four GIs' salaries! 
We also know that some pretty good approximations of correct basic strategies were figured out by professional gamblers in Nevada years before computers came onto the scene. They came up with the method by playing hands with their kitchen tables. Some decisions required thousands, tens or thousands or even hundreds of thousands of hands. These guys, like most professionals in the field, never published their strategies because they were experts. Blackjack was their livelihood and they'd logged hundreds of hours working out how to win. They wouldn't tell anyone what they knew. 
One thing for certain is that the casinos didn't know the correct strategy to play the game, and neither did players who read the most highly regarded books on the matter. The Hoyle's guidelines advised players to bet on totals of 15 or 16, no matter what the dealer's upcard or the dealer's upcard. They also advised players to split tens, not split nines and also to stand on soft 17. The "smart" players at the time, which was people who had read one of the gambling books by an authority of this kind, typically made all kinds of games that we recognize today to be very costly. 
Many don't understand the logic of basic strategy. Let me give an example. Blackjack strategy tells me to hit when my hand totals 14 and the dealer gives me a 10-upcard. This is the mathematically correct way to play. Sometimes you'll hit the 14 and draw an 8, 9, or 10 and bust. The dealer will then flip over his hole card, which is a 6, and you will be aware that if you'd have stood on your 14, the dealer would have to reach his total of 16 and he could have busted with 10. So, by making the "mathematically correct" game, you've lost a hand you would have won had you played against the basic strategy. 
Some players believe that there isn't a single strategy that is right all the times. Blackjack is, as per them it's a game of guessing. 
To understand basic strategy, you have to start thinking like a professional gambler, which means you need to understand the concept of "the blackjack odds." 
Let me give you an alternative example to show the maths of probability and statistics, the basic logic behind strategies. Let's say I have a jar that has one hundred marbles in it. The majority of the marbles are white, while fifty are black. You must reach in blindfolded and pull out one marble. However, prior to doing so you have to place bets of $1 on whether that marble you take out will be white or black. You win $ 1 if you guess the correct color. If not, you lose $ 1. 
Are you sure? 
Absolutely. How do you know the color of marble you're likely to choose in advance? If you win, it's good luck, and if you lose it's bad luck. 
What if you knew 90 percent of the marbles listed in the list are black and 10 percent are white? Now, would free play online put your money on white or black before drawing? If you were a smart person, you would select the black. There is a chance to get a white marble, but you're less likely to get one that is white as opposed to one of black. It could be a guessing game and you could still lose $1 should you choose to pull out a white marble, but If you wager on black, the odds are favorable. 
Professional gamblers earn a living by thinking about "the odds" making bets only when they favor his side. With games to play bet the gambler will be betting on black since the odds are 9 to 1 in his favor. If you place your bet on white, the odds are 9:1 against you. 
If you go back to the total of 14 you had when the dealer dealt a 10 upcard, you might lose in the event that you strike but odds are against you if you remain. 
If you make your decisions using your intuition, you may get lucky but you'll lose more hands in the long run. The mathematics is the only method of making a right decision about any play. Probability laws determine your expectations for every possibility. 

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Pasted: Sep 20, 2022, 12:14:43 pm
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